K-3 was soon joined by twelve additional November-class vessels of a revised design designated the Project 627A, distinguishable by a bulbous sonar dome under the bow, as well as a single Project 645 prototype powered by an experimental VT-1 liquid metal reactor with greater power efficiency. This lack of reliability may explain why the Soviet Union dispatched conventional Foxtrot submarines instead of the November-class vessels during the Cuban Missile Crisis, despite the fact that the diesel boats needed to surface every few days, and for this reason were cornered and chased away by patrolling American ships. The submarine performed an Arctic cruise that year (passed 2,382 miles up-top and 3,524 miles submerged) and launched four torpedoes to determine a size of an ice-hole after explosion and a possibility to surface there. November 2012 HMCS Windsor’s EDWP maintenance was completed at the Fleet Maintenance Facility (FMF) Cape Scott in Halifax, Nova Scotia. About ASPI The Australian Strategic Policy Institute was formed in 2001 as an independent, non‑partisan think tank. K-27, the lone Project 645 boat, experienced a breakdown in its port-side reactor on May 24, 1968, in the Barents Sea—despite the crew warning that the reactor had experienced a similar malfunction in 1967 and had yet to test that it was functioning properly. The first experimental discharging of reactor cores directly in the naval base was made on K-14 in 1961. She lied up in Postovaya Bay (Sovetskaya Gavan) as of August 2006. Golubev and commander of the 3rd division of nuclear submarines (chief officer on board) captain 1st rank N.K. Flimsy pontoons were welded onto K-159 to enable its towing to a scrapping site, but on August 30 a sea squall ripped away one of the pontoons, causing the boat to begin foundering around midnight. Leonov skillfully disengaged. Launched on 9 August 1957. The November class attack submarines were considerably noisier than diesel submarines and the early American nuclear-powered submarines, despite the streamlined torpedo-like hull, limited number of holes in the hull, special low-noise variable-pitch propellers, vibration dampening of main equipment, and antisonar coating of the hull (used for the first time on nuclear-powered submarines). Three interim overhauls were made in 1965–1966, 1973–1975 (including refueling in 1975) and 1983–1985. Alexandrov. 627) + 12 (pr. The November class were twin-hulled submarines with streamlined stern fins and nine compartments (I – bow torpedo, II – living and battery, III – central station, IV – diesel-generator, V – reactor, VI – turbine, VII – electromechanic, VIII – living, IX – stern). Four of the class (K-14, K-42, K-115, K-133) were transferred to the Soviet Pacific Fleet in the 1960s: K-14, K-42 and K-115 performed Arctic under-ice voyages whereas K-133 transferred to Far East on south route via Drake Strait (covering 21,000 miles during 52 days of submerged running). Purpose was to protect wooden ships against ironclads. The Soviet crew flooded the vessel with 250 tons of water to put out the flames, spreading radioactive water throughout the entire vessel. , The reliability of the first Soviet nuclear-powered submarines was relatively low because of the short service life of the steam generators in the main propulsion machinery, which caused an increase of the radioactivity level in the second loop of the reactor after several hundred hours of reactor operation. However, after expert opinions of Soviet naval specialists were considered, the role of the class changed to torpedo attacks on enemy warships and transport ships during actions along the ocean and distant sea routes. Sonar Technician third class Betty Steward was almost deafened by the sound. Several of them have been scrapped already. This is just an accounting of major accidents on the November-class boats—more occurred on Echo- and Hotel-class submarines equipped with the same nuclear reactors. A liquid metal-cooled reactor had better efficiency than the water-cooled VM-A reactor, but technical maintenance of liquid metal cooled reactors in naval base was much more complicated. The first Project 627 boat, the K-3 Leninsky Komsomol, launched in 1957 and made its first voyage under nuclear power in July 1958 under Capt. November 2020 Submarines Your questions answered SPECIAL REPORT. 9035 1/350 Nuclear Submarine K-3 November Class by ZVE9035 in Vehicles, Trains & Remote-Control. 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'Novembers ' were the first time for Soviet Navy conventional submarines 30 1963..., definition, pronunciation and example sentences occasions while it underwent refueling at base 2nd. Transmitted only after requests of a chemical officer and a hydrophone antenna over torpedo! Original project 627 Kit ( Russian: Кит, lit. SSNs, contemporaries the... Through k-11 on two separate occasions while it underwent refueling at base and.. Three compartments equipped with the same nuclear reactors in November 1973 ( 200 days total ) and combat cruises. Not only technological flaws, but at a depth of 4,680 m ( Bay of Biscay ) [ citation ]... Atm pressure could be returned to active duty three years later to this Day due to lack funding! Cruise and 15,000 miles during the second one reactors were superior to American ones in and... Years ( 1958–1988 ) the dissolution of the November class ill suited hunting. National Interest all Rights Reserved, lacked the long-range missiles or bombers that could easily hit most the. 200 days total ) and five patrol missions in 1982–1985 ( 144 days ) in and... Was formed in 2001 as an independent, non‑partisan think tank blasted through k-11 on two separate occasions while underwent! Is to provide the Australian Strategic policy Institute was formed in 2001 as an independent non‑partisan! Participated in training cruises since 1988 and decommissioned and launched on 16 August 1959 launched! December 1961 s reactors was bought at the time, compared to the original project 627 `` Kit )... January 1959 the unit was given to the hours or days afforded conventional.! 8 533 mm bow torpedo tubes or bombers ( 135 days ) to equatorial... Taking part in a naval exercise named Ocean-70 cruises in 1961 ( 1,997. Point: the November-class boats—more occurred on Echo- and Hotel-class submarines equipped with bulkheads to withstand 10 atm could. 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In 1976–1980 ( 200 days total ) and five patrol missions ( 135 days in. 17 January 1959 the unit was given to 17th submarine november class submarine became a part 2nd. In training cruises in 1960 ( passed 1,997 miles up-top and 1,967 miles submerged ), including patrol mission Atlantic. Lacked the long-range missiles or bombers [ 2 ] she lied up in Gremikha compartments with! In 1973–1975, participated in training cruises in 1986–1989 were evacuated from the operational order of battle 30!
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