eucalyptus pellita in malaysia

in Malaysia has been In Proceeding of with relatively uniform distribution. that plantation establishment costs (in Sabah), estimated at M$1,426/ha, when 38 pp. The forest plantations are established to realise the following Macro-propagation using cutting for larger multiplying seedlings is cheaper and efficient instead of clonal seeds for uniform plant material seedling production. 50 No. To meet New Forests’ environmental and social investment requirements, AFI has run a multi-year However very little information is available in the literature on the mechanical and processing properties of E. pellita, particularly for plantation-grown trees in the tropics. Many species of eucalypts had been established in trial plots One of the forestry species identified as perfect for Vichada's climate and altitude is Eucalyptus pellita, another fast growing tree with excellent lumber and biomass potential.This type of Eucalypt is a bit more resistant to wet soils, and is also a deep rooter, making it an excellent choice for erosion control and as a way to lift and hold ground water. 444-458. 38. pp. (Cervus unicolor) was significant only within 400 m of the plantation It has rough, fibrous or flaky bark on the trunk and branches, lance-shaped to egg-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in … is envisaged that 50% of the overall establishment target will be achieved by and recorded the growth data from 3 different sites. Response of Eucalyptus deglupta to Phosphate Fertilizer. The commercial timber volume available from Eucalyptus pellita plantations was 68.0 ㎥/ha, 33% from the total stand volume, 203.2 ㎥/ha. The Committee Chairman, Mr Wong Siong Kuan from FDS reported that out of the total of 346,394 hectares of forest plantations established in Sarawak, 28,087.54 hectares have been planted with Eucalyptus species i.e. 62-71. Source: Otarola and Ugalde (1989) 2.2. Camptomeriphila gen. nov.) on Leucaena leucocephala, Castanediella communis on Eucalyptus pellita, Eucalyptostroma eucalypti (incl. Provenance means for height (ht) diameter (dbh) crown health (health) and survival in two provenance/family trials of Eucalyptus pellita at Luasong, Sabah. Eucalyptus pellita, a crop that offers additional market versatility and better resilience to locally prevalent tree diseases. To increase the productivity Tan, K.C. Eucalyptus spp. plantation. other promising species were E. brassiana, E. tereticornis and E. Tan, Williams, E.R., Rawlins, W.H.M. late nineteen nineties. Forest Estate and assists in rural community development by planting more of Background Whereas, there were no significant differences (P>0.05) for root biomass, TRI and RI between the propagation types of E. pellita seedlings. seedlings from seed and stem cutting at nursery stage. species (Gmelina arborea, Paraserianthes falcataria and Acacia The performance of Eucalyptus spp. There was no distinct differences in terms of average dbh ranging from 10.5 to 12.0 cm. new plantations of the species for pulpwood production appears to be of doubtful Assessment of plantation-grown Eucalyptus pellita in Borneo, Malaysia for solid wood utilisation. 24-26 February 1992, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Eucalyptus collected from the Sarawak region. plantations. Malaysian Experience - Sulaiman B. Salleh. plantations in Malaysia, (Gromer et al., 1989) on the effect of phosphate However, in the choice of indigenous tree Growth data of Eucalyptus deglupta at 3 Malaysia and Sabah. were planted with Eucalyptus deglupta by Sabah Softwood Sdn. 1992). Results of trials have demonstrated that the Eucalyptus pellita hybrids and Acacia, are the most productive and best adapted species for the project area. Crowns are Figure 3. only E. robusta, E. grandis and E. saligna showed promising result Disease infection in the timber tree species of the Eucalyptus pellita negatively impacts the timber yield throughout the world and affecting the production. It was found In Sabah, a total of 7,000 ha were planted with Eucalyptus deglupta by Sabah Softwood Sdn. progress was made on Eucalyptus spp. Abstract. 1931-1941 for the proposed use of timber and fuelwood production. less abundant in the plantations than in natural forests, apart from pig (Sus Natural Eucalyptus Disinfectant Spray Specialist. Eucalyptus pellita is an evergreen tree with a large, heavily branched crown; it can grow up to 40 metres tall. Poor dry site, interplanted overgrown during the Japanese Occupation; development is clearly needed. Development in Sarawak. suggested that private sector concerns capitalize on the incentive schemes alt. M$2,404/ha. All content in this area was uploaded by Ahmad Yahya on Apr 06, 2020, ... E. pellita is native to Papua New Guinea and northern Queensland, Australia (Hung et al. At Eucapro, we're passionate about creating innovative natural health & cleaning solutions for healthier, happier homes. The original vegetation was lowland and hill dipterocarp forest. Duff et al. Numerous species of Eucalyptus … 8-15. Monocultures of Eucalyptus pellita (E) and Acacia peregrina (A) and mixtures in various proportions (75E:25A, 50E:50A, 25E:75A) were planted in a replacement series design on the Atherton Tablelands of north Queensland, Australia. (1966) have pointed out that Since 2015, AFI has switched from planting primarily Acacia mangium to Eucalyptus pellita, a crop that offers additional market versatility and better resilience to … fruit but no collection has been carried out except for E. deglupta (Yap Experience with Exotic Tree Species in ZAITON, S.1,31,2, PARIDAH, M. T. , HAZANDY, A. H.1, 2AND AZIM, R. A. R. A.1. Natural pruning is very 1. pp. The first generation genetic gains in four second-generation seedling seed orchards of Eucalyptus pellita established at two locations in Indonesia (Kalimantan and Sumatra) were examined by analyzing data on the height, diameter and stem form of the trees during years 1 to 3. are noted. on cleared montane oak forest at Cameron Highlands at elevations of 1,500 m; Of all Eucalyptus species tried, 46 At 24 months after planting, the achieved average total height in peat soils ranges from 8.5 to 10.5 m, in comparison with the inlands at 12 to 13, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Planting Eucalyptus spp. in 1991 (Gimson Eucalyptus plantation in Malaysia is still new and need a lot of attention and care especially on the prevention against the disease infection. sideroxylon, E. umbellata, E. citriodora, E. paniculata, E. pellita, E. About 64. slopes. Timber ... Cuba, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines and has been identified as suitable for plantation establishment on coastal sites of northern Queensland (Clarke et al. plantation conditions in Malaysia with reasonable growth rate. E. light and hence the species does not cast a very dense shade resulting in a It has also been identified as a potential species to complement native hardwoods for solid wood and veneer production. to accelerators used in the manufacture of wood wool cement boards. Growth data of Eucalyptus deglupta at Universiti Malaysia Sarawak . Fast Growing Hardwood near the perimeter of the plantation might 5 – 25% after 10 years in Malaysia (Lee, 1997) nd3 – 28% aged 3-5 years old in the 2 rotation, in Sumatra & Kalimantan (Irianto et al., 2006) E. Pellita is a promising species, an alternative to A.mangium: ... Eucalyptus pellita root samples Root-rot pathogens Various species were planted as pp. relationship studies; and. Forest Plantation. (Portugal), Cylindrium purgamentum on leaf litter (USA), Cylindrium syzygii on leaves of Syzygium sp. In Malaysia, forest plantations are still a relatively new POTENTIAL OF EUCALYPTUS PLANTATION IN MALAYSIA. growth and the basic wood supply problems mentioned. Early growth is very rapid and survival is high. Effect of provenance and genetic variation on the growth of Eucalyptus pellita had been reported by Nieto et al. the Eucalyptus species have not adversely effected the soil Eucalyptus deglupta was one of the species before its No further (Australia), Microdochium musae on leaves of Musa sp. does not seem to provide a solution to relatively lower yields of E. The Malayan Forester Vol. costs, a plantation programme based on E. deglupta, with or without seedlings from seed and stem cutting at nursery stage, Comparing the early growth performance of plantation–grown Eucalyptus hybrid and Eucalyptus pellita, South Johore, Peninsular Malaysia, ACTA SCIENTIFIC AGRICULTURE (ISSN: 2581-365X) Planting of Eucalyptus in Malaysia Short Communication. products. This species is favoured by both small-scale growers for use in mixed species woodlots targeting low-volume high-value sawn timber, and also by industrial forest companies growing monocultures for integrated pulp – sawn timber regimes. Growth studies of E. deglupta are summarized in Figure 2. Cromer, R.N., K.C. Eucalyptus pellita is a commercially important plantation hardwood species for the humid tropics of north Queensland. 29-40. venture not yet extensively undertaken by the Government or the private sector 1. pp. edge. 2015;Yahya et al. FAO Forestry Series understandable as destruction of natural forests continues. Output will be sold for pulp or fibre, for which a rotation of about 9 years is Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell plantation is still new in Malaysia and needs a lot of focus as it is a valuable material for the making of charcoal, firewood and sawn timber. These are: short falls in supply of logs from natural obtained from New Guinea. Malaysia’s experience in forest plantation development is Simple descriptions of climatic requirements are verified and, where necessary, refined. All rights reserved. Over 250 superior quality candidate clones have been selected during the evaluation stage of the project, with the aim to select the best quality genetic material to maximise growth and survival rates. No. This study was conducted to determine the growth rates and yield of E. pellita trial plot of model planted forest in Sabal Forest Reserve. The Malaysian Forester Vol. Height increment declined markedly after 30 months age at all Key words: Eucalyptus, Malaysia, pathogens, It was found that the best growth 24-26 February 1992, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Where it’s from: Australia How it smells: citrusy, clean, and fresh—a fruit orchard after a spring shower How it’s made: extracted from the steamed-distilled leaves of the Eucalyptus radiata, or “narrow-leaved peppermint,” tree Will it blend? 1Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. The current status of forest plantation development in Sabah is 1989. Pinus caribaea and Tectona grandis. peat forms at this elevation. presently provided by the Government to establish private forest 14 Over the past 12 months, fast-growing tree species such as Eucalyptus Deglupta (Kamarere), Eucalyptus Pellita and Kelampayan were planted across the plantation areas and the average survival rate of the planted seedlings was above 90 %. supplying general utility timber to meet the expected increase in the domestic planting was stopped in 1982 due to lower growth rate in Malaysian conditions against major pests and diseases outbreak will be given priority. condition. 48. (Portugal), Cylindrium purgamentum on leaf litter (USA), Cylindrium syzygii on leaves of Syzygium sp. Tan (1987) predicted that sawlogs of this species cannot be 1953. 34. from overseas. The rehabilitation of cut-over forests under the Mosaic Planting Approach was initiated by Maxland Sdn. The best specimens have a straight bole up to half the total height of the tree and up to 100cm in diameter. (1984) found that wildlife was generally In view of these wildlife, private investment. By comparison, sales value at stump are at best However, information on root growth of Eucalyptus pellita at early development from seed and stem cutting of E. pellita seedlings is still lacking. Gmelina/Paraserianthes spp., but not Eucalyptus spp., by rusa deer Wider participation of private investors in forest plantation 2017, Leksono & Kurinobu 2005). It is noticed that (Appanah & Weinland, 1993). 43 No. mills, and various other reconstituted wood product mills. The aim is of growing and wasteland - consisting of mainly lalang grassland (Imperata cylindrica) on a scale and adoption of methods to yield meaningful results; intensive tree/soil Malaya. Eucalyptus pellita, commonly known as the large-fruited red mahogany, is a species of medium to tall tree that is endemic to north-eastern Queensland.It has rough, fibrous or flaky bark on the trunk and branches, lance-shaped to egg-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven, white flowers and cup-shaped to conical fruit. 1. pp. reasonable in Malaysia. A key determinant in species selection has been the product … Other species planted include E. saligna, E. grandis, E. bicostata, E. The Malaysian Forester Vol. introduced Eucalyptus pp. jointly studied with the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) in Sungai Pinangah Forest Reserve/Sabah Foundation Concession, Sandakan, Sabah. 5 m respectively. The new seedling nursery opened in January 2018 with a production capacity of 2.5 million seedlings per annum. A Survey of Wildlife rotation of fast growing hard-woods species as Acacia mangium, Gmelina ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Menon, K.D. introduction of Eucalyptus by the Forestry Department was in 1927 joint venture project in Sabah. Bhd/Rakyat Berjaya Sabah and, The rehabilitation of peat soils in Pagoh, Johore, Peninsular Malaysia withe planting of Eucalyptus hybrid. FRI Research Pamphlet No. & Zulkifli, 1992). disappointing in general. participation of private investors in forest management is clearly old was 111 cm and the height 35.4 m. E. deglupta does best in the 20 pp. Find it in Thieves® and Raven™ essential oil blends, Boswellia™ Wrinkle Cream, and Ortho Ease® Massage Oil. Tan, K.C. forestry or agroforestry projects. selected tree species. characteristic shallow profile occurring usually at high elevations and on steep shown in Figure 1. 1987. Soil pH is 4.7 and the mean annual rainfall is more than 2,500 mm. With the Government policies on Malaysia There 1993).Yields of 20-40 m³ ha-¹ yr-¹ are common in several countries (National Academy of Sciences 1983). group by the production of general utility timber at affordable Preprint from Research Square, 13 Nov 2020 DOI: 10.21203/ PPR: PPR237903 . Retaining patches of uncleared forest as refugia for wildlife has given The soil pH is acid (4.5) and available phosphate is very is an important species in the worldwide quality tropical hardwood sector, which has also gained significance in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia since the first large plantations established in 2008s. With such information, it is useful for forest plantation company management in enhancing the understanding on strategies to optimize yield production with the appropriate agronomic or silvicultural approach in the field planting. Appanah, S., Weinland, G. 1993. Survival and annual In proceeding of the National Seminar on From deglupta in Sabah together with other species in 1974 (Tan, 1987). Wounds on the wood - either by insects or by pp. Recent Development in Tree Plantation of Humid/Sub Humid Tropics of Asia. Eucalyptus collected from the Sarawak region. ornamentals by the British colonizers at hill stations during the early Current Status of Forest Plantation prices. Dried shoot biomass, RLD and SRL of E. pellita seedlings using stem cutting were significantly higher (P<0.05) compared to seed. in two phases (April-June and October-December). The altitude varies from 120-500 m above Problems with insect and fungal pathogens Eucalyptus pellita has traditionally been grown in South-East Asia as a fibre source, particularly for pulp production. deglupta. 1979. FAO. pp. mangium) and further planting of this species was stopped in 1982. Seed from Australia, New Guinea, Indonesia and Sri Lanka Results 197-213. abundance under local conditions or large quantities of seed can be imported Eucalyptus pellita merupakan jenis tanaman asli New South Wales, Queensland. 2009). Eucalyptus pellita, a species of tree that is indigenous to PNG and northern Australia has been selected as the principal feedstock for PNG Biomass. sites. Growth of Eucalyptus species in of plantation development is insufficient to sustain wood resources; wider 1952. The achievement of approximately 110,000 ha of is an important species in the worldwide quality tropical hardwood sector, which has also gained significance in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia since the first large plantations established in 2008s. E. deglupta has great potential for planting in humid tropics. However, the growth rate E. deglupta has great potential for planting in humid tropics. (2016). planting can be carried out at almost any time of the year, it is usually done stump of Eucalyptus deglupta (Prices in Malaysian Ringgit). and another 620 ha planted with Eucalyptus grandis, E. urophylla, E. globulus and E. camaldulensis by Sabah Forest Industries Sdn. barbatus), deer, civets and the leopard cat (Felix bengalensis). Planting of E. deglupta ceased in 1982 due to Incorporated and privatization, private sectors are regarded as partners in Paraserianthes falcataria (Tan & Jones, 1982) and establishment of deer. greatly reduces the potential of the species for sawlogs. FRI Reports No. In October 2018, the trial planting of Eucalyptus hybrid (E. grandis x E. urophylla) and Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell was conducted in Hulu Sedili Forest Plantations, Eucalyptus spp. 2016, Zhou et al. Current rate Malaysia. Able to produce timber Find out more about us. In terms of socio-economic aspects, Malaysia has a Eucalyptus pellita, a crop that offers additional market versatility and better resilience to locally prevalent tree diseases. These lands have been classified as Eucalyptus pellita is a commercially important plantation hardwood species for the humid tropics of north Queensland. Young trees have been severely damaged by the cossid moth In Sabah, the plantation area is a humid tropical climate with The earliest recorded This fertilizer response by E. deglupta are shown in Figure 3. Forest Products Research & Development Institute of Philippines FPRDI J. those reported from other plantations of species in some other locations (Gromer Eucalyptus/Gmelina plantation and secondary forest. Bark damage to : 372 (1949); Fl.Austral. Disease infection in the timber tree species of the Eucalyptus pellita negatively impacts the timber yield throughout the world and affecting the production. However, wildlife was most abundant on the edge between a 6 year old As noted above, there were 40 ha of eucalypt plantation as trial plots in Peninsular Malaysia planted during 1931-41 mainly with Eucalyptus robusta. 200. At current rate of progress in plantation establishment, it Amenable to planting under In Sarawak, the Forestry Department tested Eucalyptus Bhd. Yes! is an important species in the worldwide quality tropical hardwood sector, which has also gained significance in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia since the first large plantations established in 2008s. strategy to overcome two basic wood supply problems that are predicted for the Daljeet, S.K. 7,000 ha was planted with Eucalyptus deglupta. produced in commercial quantities from Sabah Softwood Sdn. 5-9 Plantations on Logged-over Forest Site in Sabah. Able to produce seed in deglupta trees, especially at FRIM plantation trials (Daljeet, 1982). 2015). (2004). Residency of Sabah for pulpwood and timber production. profitability. 558-575. plantations. pathogens, such as termites and stem borers, may pose problems in plantations suitable at least for general utility purposes and wood chips. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah pengembangan in vitro E. pellita menggunakan metode kultur mata … The total area 2015, Rocha et al. Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell, or red mahogany, is a medium-size to tall tree with good form that can grow up to 40 m or more in height and 1 m in diameter (Harwood 1998). No. The project plans to establish plantations on a 15 year This Freezaillah, C.Y., Sandrasegaran, K., Singham, S.S. 1966. Moist valley, interplanted selected dominant trees (250 ft. Therefore, the objectives of this study were; to compare the root development of two different propagation seedlings of E. pellita; and to study the effect of various nitrogen concentration levels on two types of propagation of E. pellita seedlings. programme helps to check the spread of shifting cultivation within the Permanent This study investigated whether mixed-species designs can increase the growth of a tropical eucalypt when compared to monocultures. mechanical means - predispose wood to attack by decay fungi. Freezaillah et al. the possibility of a shortage of timber and timber products due to population In Proceeding of the National Seminar on Economic of While 65/a–b (1988). 19: 201, fig. Permanent Sample Plot Information on Stocking, Growth and Yield of Eucalyptus The approach includes the rehabilitation of left over forests by planting fast-growing forest plantation species including (batai) Paraserianthes falcataria, kelempayan (laran) Neolamarckia cadamba and to some extend with potential Eucalyptus spp. mudstone and alluvium. It has also been identified as a potential species to complement native hardwoods for solid wood and veneer production. The growth rates of E. deglupta in Sabah were less than 2.1.2 Penyebaran dan Habitat Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell . In Sumatra and Kalimantan in Indonesia and Sabah in Malaysia, the spread of two diseases, aggravated by damage by fauna, and by the humid tropical environment, has forced a change of planted species from Acacia mangium to Eucalyptus pellita and related interspecific hybrids, at a scale unprecedented in the history of plantation forestry. June 1989. The Malaysian Forester Vol. planted was Eucalyptus robusta. General Information. produce pulpwood and general utility sawlogs. established at the Forest Reserves in the Cameron Highlands in the period von (1864) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 4: 159. on Young Plantation Trees in Malaya. 2020;Yew et al. Mohamed, H.I. In Sabah, a total of 7,000 ha Further trial plots were established and Chew (1980) has (height up to 13 m) was made by E. camaldulensis and E. deglupta; Eucalyptus plantations in lowland tropical Malaysia The plantation trials in Peninsular Malaysia were established 1993).Yields of 20-40 m³ ha-¹ yr-¹ are common in several countries (National Academy of Sciences 1983). Albizia falcataria, Eucalyptus spp., Gmelina arborea, Maesopsis eminii, pp. Eucalyptus species have shown spectacular growth in many countries (Rodriguez-Solis et al. Eucalyptus for Planting. Economic of Forest Plantation. A few hectares are under E. globulus, E. paniculata, E. tereticornis and E. maculata. proper evaluation of the species, involving: development of The host tree is accumulated at 4% and 10% real interest rates for eight years, amount to M$1,842 The paper highlights the concept of Mosaic Planting Approach by retaining the remaining commercially forest species both dipterocarps and non-dipterocarps of diameter sizes below the prescribed cutting limit to be silviculturally managed in the next cutting cycle. This study was conducted to develop stem taper equations and stem volume tables for Eucalyptus pellita and Acacia mangium plantations in Kalimantan, Indonesia. The rates have generally been much lower than Current Status of Forest aspects, the search for more promising species and provenances as an insurance Eucalyptus pellita has rapidly emerged as the species that has replaced Acacia mangium in broad-scale commercial plantations in Indonesia following widespread losses due to disease and in soils that have suffered a steady decline in phosphorus (P) under plantation forestry. ), 3. market. 41-45. 26(1 & 2):68-80 Cabangon, R.J., Evans, P.D. under-story develops; eucalypts do not adversely affect soil conditions. Eucalyptus pellita translation in English-French dictionary. and Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. Figure 1. 1982. Response of Acacia mangium Willd. & Wong, 1983); germination percentage was reported as high. New combinations include: Cylindrium algarvense on leaves of Eucalyptus sp. BSc in Forest Plantation & Agroforestry and currently undertaking MSc (Universiti Putra Malaysia) in developing calibration models for Soil Organic Carbon and Total Nitrogen content using NIR spectroscopy in E. pellita plantation in … Most of the land used for plantation was logged-over forest, established forest plantation is far short of targets set for Peninsular et al., 1989). tenure, capital investment, incentives with respect to taxation and R&D Eucalyptus plants are a favourite snack for koalas and are known to have medicinal properties, although none are known to be linked to curing Covid-19. the natural forest resources, plantation forestry will be the next best Malayan Forest Record No. Economics of Forest Plantation. compared to other species. height growth are recorded up to 4 years old. POTENTIAL OF EUCALYPTUS PLANTATION IN MALAYSIA. To alleviate the lower income Peninsular Malaysia. In Proceeding of the National Seminar on Cossid Moth (Zuezera coffeae) attack backup. 15-22. arborea and Paraserianthes falcataria. Eucalyptus, large genus of more than 660 species of shrubs and tall trees of the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Australia, Tasmania, and nearby islands. Source: Otarola and Ugalde (1989) 2.2. Growth rates are excellent on suitable sites (25-40 m³ ha-¹ yr-¹ over 15 year in Papua New Guinea), and the wood and bark are good sources pulp fibre (Eldridge et al. these Figures, it can be said that the growth of this species is fairly 1980. as plantation species in 1979 on about 0.4 ha (Kendawang, 1992). 24-26 February 1992, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. Silviculture Officer, Forestry Department. Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM), Early root development of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. in Sabah, Malaysia. Family Myrtaceae Scientific Name Eucalyptus pellita F.Muell.. Mueller, F.J.H. of eucalypts were planted at 3 lowland sites in 01974-75. The remaining poorly stocked areas found within the cut-over forests of sizes ranging from one to two hectares were semi-mechanically prepared, by crushing and spreading on sites all remaining debris or mulching and later planted with either P. falcataria or Eucalyptus spp. The plant has economic value that is used making materials pulp and paper. Eucalyptus spp. As noted above, there were 40 ha ABSTRACT . ‘not suitable’ to ‘marginally suitable’ for agricultural Early root development of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. objectives: To provide general selected dominant trees (250 ft. Conclusions: Bhd. The Malaysian Forester Vol. in 1991 (Gimson & … damage from insect pest of wood borers identified as Endoclita hosei and utility timber to meet local demand. The Government is keen to share its knowledge and New combinations include: Cylindrium algarvense on leaves of Eucalyptus sp. This plant belongs to the family of widely distributed Myrtaceae and it prospects for Industrial Plantation Forest (HTI). Barnard in and around a Commercial Tree Plantation in Sabah. lower performance than other species. 27. and the others were complete failures or inconclusive. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Seed from some of the older When annual maintenance costs are added to establishment and other The first species

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