FAO Committee on Fisheries / ComitÃ© des PÃªches de la FAO / ComitÃ© de Pesca de la FAO. 2017. This document should be based on the international rule of law respecting human rights and principles, and relevant instruments and standards of the ILO. According to the 2019 edition of The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (FAO et al., 2019) about 11 percent (more than 820 million people) of the worldâs population remain undernourished, up from 10.6 percent in 2015. It will also act as a catalyst for countries to develop national and regional strategies for effective management of their AqGR. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020: Sustainability in Action | Food and Agriculture Organization | ISBN: 9789251326923 | Kostenloser Versand für … In 2018, inland aquaculture produced 51.3 million tonnes of aquatic animals, accounting for 62.5 percent of the worldâs farmed food fish production, as compared with 57.9 percent in 2000. 25 Jun 2020 Originally published 25 Jun 2020. Several other countries also promote their own sustainable aquaculture heritage in different ways. North American Journal of Aquaculture; Marine and Coastal Fisheries: Dynamics, Management, and Ecosystem Science ... AFS Section: Perspective on Aquaculture. Artisanal fishers with their catch â a source of food, employment and income. [Cited 27 December 2019]. The contribution of world aquaculture to global fish production reached 46.0 percent in 2018, up from 25.7 percent in 2000, and 29.7 percent in the rest of the world, excluding China, compared with 12.7 percent in 2000. These improvements will also be critical to allow the development and design of gender-sensitive fisheries and aquaculture policies, in order to promote the role of women in fisheries and aquaculture and pragmatically move towards gender equality in the sector. While developed countries are improving the way they manage their fisheries, developing countries face a worsening situation in terms of overcapacity, production per unit of effort and stock status.3 Compared with regions that are intensively managed, regions with less strict fisheries management have, on average, threefold greater harvest rates, and their stocks have half the abundance of assessed stocks and are in poor shape.1 The less-intense management is common in many developing nations, and the situation is fuelled by economic interdependences coupled with limited management and governance capacities.3 The current successes accomplished in some countries and regions are not sufficient to reverse the global declining trend of overfished stocks. This will be coupled with continuous advocacy and policy-support work to help countries achieve commitments towards SDG Target 1.3.18. There is no alternative to sustainabilityGiven the livelihood and food security pressures in many developing regions, sustainability challenges need to be addressed with measures that move beyond simple environmental protection targets. However, Cunene horse mackerel (Trachurus trecae) remained overfished in 2017, and perlemoen abalone (Haliotis midae), targeted heavily by illegal fishing, continued to deteriorate and remained overfished. On the contribution of fisheries to food security and nutrition: â¸ Use best available science to make food policy and nutrition action plans. The latest assessment shows that SDG Indicator 14.4.1 decreased from about 90 percent in 1973 to 67 percent in 2017. Other actions called for included preventing labour and human rights abuses in the sector, and greater attention to the specificities of small-scale fishers. Overall, 46.7 percent of the assessed stocks in the Southwest Atlantic were fished within biologically sustainable levels in 2017, a 4 percent improvement from 2015. â¸ In spite of reduced capture fisheries production in China, world capture production is projected to grow moderately owing to increased production in other areas if resources are properly managed. Sustainability cannot be achieved without biodiversity conservation, and sustainable utilization of fisheries resources in ABNJ is compatible with biodiversity conservation. The State Of World Fisheries And Aquaculture 2020 by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Several decades ago the efforts of public administrations were concentrated on de Undaria pinnatifida, Porphyra spp. Safety-at-sea incidents in small-scale fisheries are all too frequent, but safety requirements, regulations and training are not always tailored for small-scale fishers. 2017. [Cited 26 December 2019]. Tools for developing blockchain solutions continue to improve, and solutions for implementation continue to grow. The continuing importance of fishmeal and fish oil in aquafeeds Presented at the Aquafarm Conference, Pordenone, Italy, 15â16 February. Fishing remains one of the most dangerous occupations in the world, with high accident and fatality rates in most countries. The deep socio-economic consequences of this pandemic will make our fight to defeat hunger and poverty harder and more challenging. Fish and Fisheries, 19(2): 321â339. (also available at www.fao.org/3/ca8751en/ca8751en.pdf). The long-term trend in total global capture fisheries has been relatively stable since the late-1980s, with catches generally fluctuating between 86 million tonnes and 93 million tonnes per year (Figure 4). Some fish assessment surveys have been reduced or postponed, obligatory fisheries observer programmes have been temporarily suspended, and the postponement of science and management meetings will delay implementation of some necessary measures, and the monitoring and enforcement of these measures. Even when taking into consideration catches of anchoveta â which are often substantial yet highly variable because of the influence of El NiÃ±o events â total marine catches have been relatively stable since the mid-2000s, ranging from 78 million tonnes to 81 million tonnes per year, following a decline from the peak catches of the late-1990s. However, BrugÃ¨re and Williams (2017) recall that attention must be given to the species grown, preconceptions about gender roles5 and control over production in order for women to be indeed empowered and benefit from these potential advantages. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020. In 1991, the Nineteenth Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries (COFI) requested that FAO develop the concept of responsible fisheries and elaborate a code of conduct to this end. â¸ Coordinating information and responses with international and regional partners, such as regional fishery bodies (FAO, 2020c), intergovernmental economic organizations, research centres and civil society organizations. At the regional and continental levels, the lowest per capita fish consumption occurs in Africa, where it peaked at 10.5 kg in 2014 and then declined to 9.9 kg in 2017 (Table 16). The conservation and wise use of such biodiverse wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation contributes towards achieving sustainable development of freshwater and coastal systems (for example, Fiji designated Qoliqoli Cokovata [Ramsar Site no. For much of history, resources were assumed to be infinite, and after the Second World War, scientific and technological advances drove the intensive development of fisheries and fishing fleets. This is the second time that China has undertaken a major revision of its capture fisheries and aquaculture data. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Rome/Roma. â¸ Development of key simple and easy data that can be collected on a phone application would greatly expand the pool of data to support fisheries management decisions. For the latter policy, fisheries stakeholders have been actively engaged as members in the working committee overseeing its implementation. Concerns regarding DSF led to specific guidance from the United Nations General Assembly (e.g. The globalization of fish and fish products, propelled by increased trade liberalization and facilitated by advances in food processing and transportation technologies, has expanded supply chains to the point where a given fish may be harvested in one country, processed in another and consumed in yet another. This uneven progress highlights an urgent need to replicate and re-adapt successful policies and measures in the light of the realities of specific fisheries, and to focus on creating mechanisms that can effectively develop and implement policy and regulations in fisheries with poor management. World Bank. [Cited 18 February 2020]. The aims are to: address the main challenges in each of the value chains; help the countries explore new markets, reduce waste and losses; and improve fishersâ working conditions â all while ensuring sustainable management of fish stocks and the stewardship of the ecosystems that support those value chains. It threatens marine life â 46 percent of the species on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species have been impacted by ALDFG, mainly through entanglement or ingestion, which impacts biodiversity. However, there is no time for celebrations. Therefore, with respect to fishery resources occurring partly or entirely in ABNJ, UNCLOS limited itself to providing general principles for their conservation, optimal utilization and management, calling upon all States to cooperate towards the further development and implementation of these general principles. Therefore, often, the ecosystem considerations in RFMOs have been implemented through the adoption of actions to mitigate the impact of fishing on non-target species, or on the ecosystem structure and function. An editorial board was formed, made up of staff from the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, supported by a core executive team including the Director of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department (FIA), five staff and consultants of the departmentâs Statistics and Information Branch, and a representative of the FAO Office of Corporate Communication. Marine Drugs, 17: 689 [online]. 628 pp. It also holds regarding their interactions with land, water and forest tenure and rights. Statistics are presented in four thematic c…, Tilapia culture is currently practised in 95 countries all over the world and the number is expected to increase. BOX 14TAILORING SAFETY-AT-SEA TRAINING TO SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES IN THE PACIFIC AND CARIBBEAN. The reportâs findings highlight key differences between aquatic and terrestrial genetic resources. The State of the Worldâs Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture captures the current status of AqGR used in aquaculture and should act as a catalyst for follow-up action. The late submission of questionnaires makes it challenging for FAO to process, validate and review the capture fisheries statistics â in particular for the most recent year â prior to the official release of the data, usually in mid-March every year. Although some government or financial institutions have provided financial support, the risk of bankruptcy remains. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. [Cited 20 March 2020]. The negotiations include elements on how to assess impacts from the use of these genetic resources, spatial management of any use of the resources, and capacity building and marine technology transfer. The report adopted standard terminology (Box 9). The State of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries 2020 Download document (PDF | 24.3 MB) Mediterranean and Black Sea fisheries are turning the corner on … Species grown for export have been severely affected by the disruption of international transport. Billions rely on fish as a primary source of protein. In 2018, the European Union4 was the largest fish importing market (34 percent in terms of value), followed by the United States of America (14 percent) and Japan (9 percent). These inland countries still consume less than 1 kg of fish despite the fact that advances in logistics and supply chain infrastructure have made it progressively easier to access fish products harvested and processed thousands of kilometres away. To date, FAO has prepared 11 such reports. In these evolving situations, achieving successful aquaculture is complicated by the physiology of the animals (e.g. Reviews in Aquaculture, 11: 493â514. FAO also promotes best practice management advice for recovery of species already accepted onto convention appendices. The remaining 17 countries had no discernible trend of increase or decrease in their catch. 2020. anti-oxidants), can reduce the impact of heating or other processes on the nutritional quality of fish. Note that the totals sum to 100 percent across categories, not by region. If the edible amount is taken into account (e.g. This also helps to reduce waste and enhance global food security. Conversely, the lowest levels of implementation have been in Latin America and the Caribbean, Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, and Northern Africa and Western Asia, all registering a medium level of implementation. Hilborn, R., Banobi, J., Hall, S.J., Pucylowski, T. & Walsworth, T.E. www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/sites/3/2019/12/SROCC_FullReport_FINAL.pdf. The European Union, Japan and the United States of America will account for 38 percent of total imports for food fish consumption in 2030, a slightly lower share than in 2018 (40 percent) (Table 18). Rome, FAO. The share of finfish production decreased gradually from 97.2 percent in 2000 to 91.5 percent (47 million tonnes) in 2018, while production of other species groups increased, particularly through freshwater crustacean farming in Asia, including that of shrimps, crayfish and crabs. In all areas, flag States are responsible for the activities of their fishing vessels when utilizing fishery resources in the high seas. restaurants, tourism and hotels) have also been dramatically impacted. The consolidated results of the questionnaire will be presented at the third meeting of the Parties to the PSMA, which is to be held in Brussels, Belgium, in November 2020. For 2018, FAO has recorded aquaculture productions for reporting countries and territories under a total of 622 units, defined for statistics purpose as âspecies itemsâ. These and other developments have resulted in the FAO fisheries and aquaculture knowledge base as it is today (Box 6). In Africa, per capita fish consumption is expected to decrease slightly by 0.2 percent per year up to 2030, declining from 10.0 kg in 2018 to 9.8 kg in 2030. Total food fish consumption is expected to increase in all regions and subregions by 2030 in comparison with 2018, with higher growth rates projected in Latin America (33 percent), Africa (27 percent), Oceania (22 percent) and Asia (19 percent). Average annual growth rate of aquaculture production by In order to have data-comparable statistics in homogeneous units applicable to all countries in the world, data are then converted into primary equivalent (live weight equivalent, i.e. According to Global Fishing Watch, global industrial fishing activity had fallen globally by about 6.5 percent as at the end of April 2020, compared with previous years, as a result of restrictions and closures related to COVID-19 (Clavelle, 2020). The first 50 percent of total global inland fish catch can be attributed to the top 7 basins. The various types of work in the primary sector cannot be considered equal as the forms of employment or engagement vary from occasional to full-time and between seasonal, temporary and permanent occupations. Here, AI and data processing can help by identifying patterns in feeding activities and presenting strategies to farmers, ranging from cost-efficient use of feed to maintaining fish welfare. Cochrane, S. Funge-Smith & F. Poulain, eds. Economic dependence on marine capture fisheries, calculated from the estimated value of capture fisheries production as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), the value of fisheries exports as a percentage of GDP and as a percentage of total commodity exports, and the percentage of the population employed in the marine fisheries sector. â¸ Collect basic data needed for a particular fishery and capture local knowledge to help design empirical, simple harvest control rules. Pigments such as astaxanthin and its esters, Î²-carotene, lutein, astacene, canthaxanthin and zeaxanthin are also found in crustacean waste. Not only has th…, Fish have the same stress response and powers of nociception as mammals. [Cited 25 December 2019]. 294 pp. However, since 1961 the share of total finfish (freshwater and marine) in total food fish supply has decreased from 86 percent to 74 percent. BOX 9STANDARDIZING THE NOMENCLATURE FOR AQUATIC GENETIC RESOURCES. Moreover, there is often a slow collective awareness of new threats among relevant stakeholders and entities responsible for maintaining biosecurity. Only 10 percent of global inland fish catch comes from the basins with the highest threat scores. Blockchain and traceability of food products. Aquaculture continues to expand, while marine capture fisheries - when summed together worldwide - seem to have reached a ceiling. It can provide an online traceability infrastructure for the permanent storage and sharing of key data elements (e.g. In light of the above, and considering that blockchain is a high-technology system that builds on and improves existing systems, the lack of traceability, standardization and interoperability remains a major concern. [Cited 18 March 2020]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2019.05.010. â¸ Lobster catches continued to be reported at more than 300,000 tonnes, following the highest catches of 316 000 tonnes reported in 2016. FAO is cooperating with the United States Geological Survey to develop a global threat map for inland fisheries. The dominance of aquaculture in global fish markets has significant implications for fish distribution and consumption. ASFIS also includes a few hybrids for which aquaculture production statistics could be provided, such as the hybrid catfish (Clarias gariepinus Ã C. microcephalus) and the hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops Ã M. saxatilis). For that purpose, the projects have developed training programmes to show where operational costs can be reduced. In this case, a series of intergovernmental conferences has been convened to put in place an international legally binding instrument focused on this biodiversity beyond national jurisdictions.22 This process responds to new understanding of life in the deep ocean, and to the need for governments and international organizations to ensure sustainable and equitable use of those renewable resources. The Ramsar Convention, as the World Heritage Convention, facilitates conservation of biodiversity in locations of conservation concern â referred to as sites (Ramsar Regional Center â East Asia, 2017). 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