The words used to describe David here are gibbor and ish, respectively. He was just a young shepherd boy, with no experience of battle, and Goliath was a battle-hardened man of war from his youth, but that meant nothing to David. These are the same items found in the description of Goliath’s armor (same Hebrew words). First, they either portray Goliath carrying his own shield and omit his armor-bearer (picture 1) who is said to be carrying his shield (1 Sam. While a stone to this area might still knock a warrior unconscious, I don’t see anyway that the stone could become embedded in the forehead as v. 49 states. Revelation 22:18-19. Jacob Neuser, Baruch A. Levine, and Ernest S. Frerichs (Philadelphia, PA: Fortress Press, 1987), 117. I really like it how David thought outside the square. So how exactly did David kill Goliath? The imposing statue that oppresses God’s people, like Goliath, is brought down with a small Davidic stone. Are we willing to delve into the Hebrew (or Greek) for these passages to understand what they really mean? Date: May 3, 2012 Author: Louis. The author describes David as a soldier before his encounter with Goliath. Why did Saul become jealous of David? In a very insightful study entitled: “A Farewell to Arms: Goliath’s Death as Rhetoric Against Faith in Arms (Bulletin for Biblical Research 23.1 (2013) 43-55), Gregory T. K. Wong points out that since 4 of the 5 items mentioned as part of Goliath’s arms are mentioned later in the story, one would expect that the fifth item might also be mentioned. Another thing is that the weight isn’t even that much. 1Sa 17:51 He ran to him, stood over him, took Goliath’s sword out of its sheath, and cut off his head and killed him. Another example is when Saul is commanded to destroy all the Amalekites (1 Sam. Again, the most widely accepted explanation is that Elhanan killed the brother of Goliath and that 1 Chronicles 20:5 supports this reasoning by providing additional information. How did Saul try to ensure that David was killed? Ancient and medieval armor was much easier to move around in than people think. He knocked them unconscious with stone from a sling and then went to get the sheep out of their mouth but if they woke up he grabbed them by the hair and fatally struck them with his staff. A David bested the Philistine with sling and stone The biblical narrator spends a great deal of time describing Goliath’s appearance. Site Supporter. Hi John, However, modern soldiers regularly carry 200+ pounds on their backs through the toughest terrain. Regarding the text saying Goliath was killed twice, another commenter asked this question and I went into detail to provide an answer. In his account of his battle with Hittite forces at Kadesh in 1274 BC, pharaoh Ramesses II states that a contingent of warriors called ne`arin (Hebrew plural, na`arim) saved the Egyptian army from certain defeat. But if I win and kill him, you will become our slaves and serve us.\" Goliath continued, \"This very day I dare the soldiers of Israel to send a man down to fight against me.\" - 1 Sam… I think it’s safe to say David really did kill a Lion. Thanks for reading and responding! Besides Goliath’s height (9’9″ according to the Hebrew text; 6’9″ according to the Septuagint), the writer describes 3 pieces of his armor. I like this theory. Thanks for your thoughts Beth. Thanks for your comment Jpete. 8) seems best: Verse 50 is the narrator’s personal comment, stating that David “killed” Goliath (eventually) and anticipating “the death of Goliath which is not recorded until verse 51.” David did not kill Goliath with an Israelite sword (v.50); irony of ironies, he did it with Goliath’s own sword (v.51; cf. NKJV So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone, and struck the Philistine and KILLED HIM. So, if I haven’t lost you yet, please read the following arguments and then judge for yourself how you think David killed Goliath. As far as the spear and javelin (scimitar) go, David also dismisses these items of Goliath’s arsenal as inconsequential (1 Sam. Unarmoured and equipped only with a sling, 5 smooth rocks, and his staff; David defeats the champion Goliath with a well-aimed shot to the head. David must have used the same method. Second, recalling our pictures above, why is Goliath frequently shown falling backwards in artistic renditions of this story? I think the translators of the Bible can discern the difference between the forehead and the shin of a person. There are more accomplished warriors in Saul’s service, but David’s skill with a sling enables him to catch Goliath by surprise. With a sling only. Fokkelman argues that “This Hebrew word means ‘front’ and thus is less specific than ‘forehead'” (p. 32). Interesting. I have always taken it that David actually killed Goliath with Goliaths sword. “Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. David is deadly. The Bible Project But none of the Hebrew soldiers had the courage to face Goliath … http://nw-connection.com/blog1/2014/09/06/the-eternal-war-between-israel-and-the-palestinians-part-i-in-series, Typology: A Key to Interpreting the Bible, Exploring the Old Testament: The Histories, How David Killed Goliath - My Digital Seminary, Shin or forehead and does it matter? The killing of Goliath occurred when he was beheaded. 1Samuel 17:49 — referring to Goliath being hit by David with a stone As Goliath approached wearing his heavy armor, David recognized a vulnerable place in the big man’s attire. When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran.” (for perspective, “google” a photo of Manute Bol standing next to his teammate Mugsy Bogues) Anyway… although I never gave it much thought before this, after reading your post I have no trouble imagining young David standing “eye-to-knee cap” with Goliath. X David ran to the Philistine and stood over him From that moment, the Israelites knew that God’s favor was on David and with time David became the next King of Israel. David was only a young boy that time, and Goliath was a veteran warrior with an intimidating appearance. ''And behold, David poppeth the holy cap in the evil posterior of the giant Goliath. Greaves must leave a space for the knee to bend in order for the wearer to walk. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Second, and most important, imagine a stone flying at your knee at 60 mph and embedding itself in your knee. 50-51 contain a chiastic structure. A slow warrior is a dead warrior. Thanks for the comment Howard. Second, they show Goliath falling backwards, when the biblical narrator tells us that Goliath fell face down (1 Sam. Yes, as you mention, there is lots of interesting material here to discuss. We can be confident that David killed Goliath. Third, the helmet covering the forehead doesn’t take away credence from the idea that the stone struck the forehead, but rather lends more credence ( I believe) to the stone sinking (being embedded) into his forehead. I love the way you bring fresh insight to familiar Old Testament texts. I wasn’t aware that this weapon existed but this was a fun experiment that made me look at the story of David and Goliath in a new light. What was perceived to be Goliath’s greatest strengths turned out to be his greatest weaknesses. Exodus 28:38 — about where to place the golden plate the high priest wears on his turban Thanks so much for your comments and research Suzanne. Yes Tammy, that’s what I’m saying. If u can read 1 Samuel 5: 1-5, you will see that the statue of dragon fell face down before the ark of the covenant. How did David kill Goliath? Main Point: Remaining with God every day is the key to trusting Him in difficult times. He wouldn’t listen to the words of doubt from those who tried to dissuade him. You sound logically very right. What the chiasm helps to make clear is that B and B’ are parallels with B’ adding additional information about how David finished off Goliath. With no armor, David could strike at a distance and easily evade an opponent weighed down by a massive amount of equipment (vv. first 1-20, 21-40, 41-60, 61-67 next last. Only the NIV reads “after he had killed him, he cut off his head,” which is probably the translator’s attempt to harmonize v. 51 with v. 50. I appreciate the info on the LXX, I hadn’t checked that out. Top Posters. Also, as impossible as it sounds, if a smooth round stone, travelling at 60mph, can penetrate a man’s skull, it was very well do it through a helmet too. Saul uses the term na`ar, which is often translated as “youth,” “lad,” or “boy.” In military contexts in the Hebrew Bible, however, the term points to an adult male warrior. 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