who is robert hooke

Robert Hooke was born on the Isle of Wight in 1635 and was fascinated by drawing and by mechanical devices. July 18] 1635 Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England Died Mar 3, 1703 (at age 67) London, England Nationality English Robert Hooke is known as a renowned philosopher and a scientist who made many innovations and discoveries that few were capable of doing during his time. He was born on July 18, 1635, at Freshwater, on the Isle of Wight, the son of a churchman. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! When the Royal Society published Newton's "Principia" in 1686, Hooke accused him of plagiarism, a situation so profoundly affecting Newton that he put off publishing "Optics" until after Hooke was dead. Like his three other brothers (all ministers), Robert was expected to succeed in his education and join his father's church. Robert Hooke naît le 18 juillet 1635 à Freshwater (Île de Wight, Royaume-Uni). Robert Hooke and his colleague Christopher Wren represent a totally different breed of scientists, who knew no limits to their inquiry. Robert C. Hooke (1635-1703) was 26 years old when he took the assignment from Wren and joined the Royal Society For Scientists. Robert Hooke, Natural Philosopher. Francis Bacon was an English Renaissance statesman and philosopher, best known for his promotion of the scientific method. What kept him from true success was a lack of interest in mathematics. In 1660, Hooke and Boyle helped to start the Royal Society in London, a society for scientific study which still exists today. In this groundbreaking study, he coined the term "cell" while discussing the structure of cork. He was a key figure in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th century. Robert Hooke (July 18, 1635–March 3, 1703) was a 17th-century "natural philosopher"—an early scientist—noted for a variety of observations of the natural world. But perhaps his most notable discovery came in 1665 when he looked at a sliver of cork through a microscope lens and discovered cells. Robert Hooke (July 18, 1635–March 3, 1703) was a 17th-century "natural philosopher"—an early scientist—noted for a variety of observations of the natural world. He played an important role in the rebuilding of London after the Great Fire (1666). Robert Hooke was fascinated by the sciences, particularly biology, from his early childhood. By Rod Beavon. Robert Hooke (Reino Unido: /ˈɹɒbət hʊk/; Freshwater, Isla de Wight 18 de julio jul. Robert Hooke was the English scientist and inventor who wrote the 1665 book Micrographia, in which he coined the term "cell" for a basic biological structure. Among his discoveries were fossil shells in sand (now recognized as foraminifera), spores in mold, and the bloodsucking practices of mosquitoes and lice. Who Was Robert Hooke? After his father’s death in 1648, the 13-year-old Hooke was sent to London to apprentice with painter Peter Lely. Hooke never married. Robert Hooke was born in 1635 and was a homeschooled, self-taught scientist. Robert Hooke Scientist Specialty Chemistry, Physics Born July 28 [O.S. While at Oxford University, he became an assistant to the chemist Robert Boyle. Robert Hooks, Actor: Trouble Man. He also became Surveyor to the City of London, and he collaborated with the famous architect Christopher Wren, as his chief assistant. But perhaps his most notable discovery came in 1665 when he looked at a sliver of cork through a microscope lens and discovered cells. His health was delicate as a child, so Robert was kept at home until after his father died. Hooke was the first person to use the word "cell" to identify microscopic structures when he was describing cork. / 14 de marzo de 1703 greg.) After the "Great Fire" destroyed much of London in 1666, Hooke became a city surveyor. In all of his studies and demonstrations, he adhered to the scientific method of experimentation and observation. A true polymath, the topics Hooke covered during his career include comets, the motion of light, the rotation of Jupiter, gravity, human memory and the properties of air. Prussian physician Robert Koch is best known for isolating the bacterium which causes tuberculosis, the cause of numerous deaths in the mid-19th century. In many instances, it was a public display of vocal fighting between the two men. His other observations and discoveries include: Hooke was a brilliant scientist, a pious Christian, and a difficult and impatient man. Hooke died in London in 1703. John Hooke, Hooke's Law: A law of elasticity for solid bodies, which described how tension increases and decreases in a, Various observations on the nature of gravity, as well as heavenly bodies such as comets and planets, The nature of fossilization, and its implications for biological history. Hooke was among the leading natural philosophers of his time and served as the Curator of Experiments for the Royal Society for forty years. He won four Pulitzer Prizes for his work and spoke at John F. Kennedy's 1961 inauguration. He neither married nor had children. Nugget is a goldmine of some of the best TV shows, great for kids to learn and laugh outside of school. Hooke invented a wide range of things at Christ Church, including a balance spring for watches, but he published few of them. His research and experiments ranged from astronomy to biology to physics; he is particularly recognized for the observations he made while using a microscope and for "Hooke's Law" of elasticity. Robert Hooke (Freshwater, 18 juli 1635 – Londen, 3 maart 1703) was een Engels sterrenkundige, natuurkundige en architect.Hij is voornamelijk bekend door zijn wet van Hooke, die het verband aangeeft tussen de kracht op een lichaam en de vervorming van dat lichaam.. Hooke was een begenadigd uitvinder en bracht ons zowel de spiraalveer als de fotografische iris. Robert Hooke and restoration science. He thought these cells existed only in plants, since he and his scientific contemporaries had observed the structures only in plant material. Robert Hooke (1635. július 18. – 1703. március 3.) Robert Hooke/Wikimedia Commons/Public domain. He was apparently largely educated at home by his father, although he also served an apprenticeship to an artist. Scientist Robert Hooke was educated at Oxford and spent his career at the Royal Society and Gresham College. It was a well off church being in the patronage of St John's College, Cambridge. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Hooke did eventually get paid for the curatorship, and when he was named a professor of geometry, he gained housing at Gresham college. Robert Hooke (n.18 iulie 1635 — d. 3 martie 1703) a fost un savant englez, care a excelat ca astronom și fizician, fiind cel mai bine cunoscut pentru formularea legii de proporționalitate între deformațiile elastice ale unui corp și tensiunile la care este supus, cunoscută ca „Legea lui Hooke The Royal Society for Promoting Natural History (or Royal Society) was founded in November 1660 as a group of like-minded scholars. Hooke is best known today for his identification of the cellular structure of plants. Meet the Brilliant Robert Hooke, the genius who discovered cells. The 1678 publication of Hooke's Lectures of Spring shared his theory of elasticity; in what came to be known as "Hooke’s Law," he stated that the force required to extend or compress a spring is proportional to the distance of that extension or compression. Robert Hooke is known as a "Renaissance Man" of 17th century England for his work in the sciences, which covered areas such as astronomy, physics and biology. Robert Hooke Biography. Working with Wren, he assessed the damage and redesigned many of London’s streets and public buildings. In 1653, Hooke enrolled at Oxford's Christ Church College, where he supplemented his meager funds by working as an assistant to the scientist Robert Boyle. He also described flies, feathers and snowflakes, and correctly identified fossils as remnants of once-living things. Robert Hooke (July 18, 1635–March 3, 1703) was a 17th-century "natural philosopher"—an early scientist—noted for a variety of observations of the natural world. Hooke kept a diary in which he discussed his infirmities, which were many, but although it doesn't have literary merit like Samuel Pepys', it also describes many details of daily life in London after the Great Fire. American actor Robert Reed played quintessential family man Mike Brady in the popular sitcom 'The Brady Bunch' from 1969 to 1974. Leta 1653 si je Hooke zagotovil mesto na Univerzi v Oxfordu. Hooke was appointed curator of experiments for the newly formed Royal Society of London in 1662, a position he obtained with Boyle's support. Hooke’s most important publication was Micrographia, a 1665 volume documenting experiments he had made with a microscope. In September 1663, he began keeping daily weather records, hoping that would lead to reasonable weather predictions. Nine months of experiments and observations are recorded in his 1665 book "Micrographia: or some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies made by Magnifying Glasses with Observations and Inquiries Thereupon," the first book describing observations made through a microscope. An impoverished scientific inquirer in young adulthood, he found wealth and esteem by performing over half of the architectural surveys after London's great fire of 1666. Dispute Over the Nature of Light We take a closer look at Robert Hooke whose major contribution to science and architecture is clearly revealed in his diary, which also chronicles other aspects of his daily life in London from his work as City Surveyor to evenings out in City taverns and coffee-houses. J. Robert Oppenheimer is often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for leading the Manhattan Project, the program that developed the first nuclear weapon during World War II. He often sparred with fellow Englishman Isaac Newton, including one 1686 dispute over Hooke’s possible influence on Newton’s famous book Principia Mathematica. Hooke also utilized the most up-to-date instruments in his many projects. Robert Hooke is known as a "Renaissance Man" of 17th century England for his work in the sciences, which covered areas such as astronomy, physics and biology. Learn about Robert Hooke: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. Robert Hooke's father was John Hooke who was a curate at All Saints Church in Freshwater on the Isle of Wight. Robert Hooks was born on April 18, 1937 in Washington, District of Columbia, USA as Bobby Dean Hooks. Together, they planned the designs for buildings such as the Royal Greenwich Observatory. Robert Hooke was a famous scientist, born in 1635. Robert Hooke, (born July 18 [July 28, New Style], 1635, Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England—died March 3, 1703, London), English physicist who discovered the law of elasticity, known as Hooke’s law, and who did research in a remarkable variety of fields. angol tudós, polihisztor, a Royal Society tagja, fontos szerepet játszott a tudományos forradalomban mind kísérleti, mind elméleti munkásságával. / 28 de julio de 1635 greg.-Londres, 3 de marzo jul. He is best known for Hooke’s Law which addresses the relationship between force and distance in physics. Hooke was a famous architect. Robert Hooke was born in the town of Freshwater, on England’s Isle of Wight, on July 18, 1635. Relatively little is known about Robert Hooke's life. Robert Hooke ne s'est jamais marié, mais son journal [Note 1] … He was previously married to Yvonne Hickman and Rosie Lee Hooks. Although a portrait of Robert Hooke was seen at the Royal Society in … Robert Hooke was a 17th century English philosopher and architect. It featured many drawings, some of which have been attributed to Christopher Wren, such as that of a detailed flea observed through the microscope. Robert Hooke [ròbert húk], angleÅ¡ki fizik in zdravnik, * 18. julij 1635, Freshwater, otok Wight, grofija Hampshire, Anglija, † 3. marec 1703, London. A gifted student with a particular talent for mechanics, Hooke was educated at Oxford, where he assisted Robert Boyle with his successful air pump experiments. Fascinated by seafaring and navigation, Hooke invented a depth sounder and water sampler. Robert Hooke. Robert Hooke: The ‘English Leonardo’ who was a 17th-century scientific superstar July 17, 2019 11.50am EDT Considering his accomplishments, it’s a … Isaac Newton was an English physicist and mathematician famous for his laws of physics. The fluidity of Robert Hooke's accomplishments is very well presented here with good graphics and communication. Robert Hooke was born on the Isle of Wight on 28th July 1635. His niece, Grace Hooke, his longtime live-in companion and housekeeper, as well as his eventual lover, died in 1687; Hooke was inconsolable at the loss. In 1665, he accepted a position as professor of geometry at Gresham College in London. His life is unique because there are three distinct phases of it. Hooke's career was marred by arguments with other prominent scientists. Last updated 2011-02-17. He wrote one of the most significant scientific books ever written, Micrographia , and made contributions to human knowledge spanning Architecture, Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Surveying & Map Making, and the design and construction of scientific instruments. While studying subjects ranging from astronomy to chemistry, Hooke also made influential friends, such as future architect Christopher Wren. Hooke was also a member of the Royal Society and since 1662 was its curator of experiments. Although formally a curate, since the minister was also Dean of Gloucester Cathedral and of Wells, John Hooke was left in charge of All Saints. Robert Hooke FRS was an English scientist and architect, a polymath, recently called "England's Leonardo", who, using a microscope, was the first to visualize a microorganism. Who Was Robert Hooke? Sir Christopher Wren, the Man Who Rebuilt London After the Fire, Biography of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Father of Microbiology, Meet William Herschel: Astronomer and Musician, A Biography of Michael Faraday, Inventor of the Electric Motor, Biography of Isaac Newton, Mathematician and Scientist, Jan Ingenhousz: Scientist Who Discovered Photosynthesis, Biography of Charles Wheatstone, British Inventor and Entrepreneur, A History of the Ecological Sciences, Part 16: Robert Hooke and the Royal Society of London, Monuments and Microscopes: Scientific Thinking on a Grand Scale in the Early Royal Society, Robert Hooke's Family and His Youth: Some New Evidence from the Will of the Rev. Hooke was, like many of the members of the Royal Society, wide-reaching in his interests. He invented or improved all five basic meteorological instruments (the barometer, thermometer, hydroscope, rain gauge, and wind gauge), and developed and printed a form to record weather data. Hooke believed the cells had served as containers for the "noble juices" or "fibrous threads" of the once-living cork tree. Življenje in delo. But perhaps his most notable discovery came in 1665 when he looked at a sliver of cork through a … He died at the age of 67 in London on March 3, 1703. Initially a sickly child, Hooke grew to be a quick learner who was interested in painting and adept at making mechanical toys and models. In 1662, the Royal Society offered Hooke the initially unpaid curator position, to furnish the society with three or four experiments each week—they promised to pay him as soon as the society had the money. Many of his ideas inspired and were completed by others in and outside of the Royal Society, such as the Dutch pioneer microbiologist Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723), navigator and geographer William Dampier (1652–1715), geologist Niels Stenson (better known as Steno, 1638–1686), and Hooke's personal nemesis, Isaac Newton (1642–1727). Robert Hooke, who also made contributions in the area of mechanics, optics, microscopy, paleontology and astronomy, was the worst of his rivals. Robert Hooke (Freshwater, 18 luglio 1635 – Londra, 3 marzo 1703) è stato un fisico, biologo, geologo e architetto inglese.Fu uno dei più grandi scienziati del Seicento e una delle figure chiave della rivoluzione scientifica.Viene ricordato in particolare per la prima formulazione storica della legge sull'elasticità lineare He was born July 18, 1635 in Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England, and died on March 3, 1703 in London, England at age 67. He most famously discovered the Law of Elasticity (or Hooke’s Law) and did a huge amount of work on microbiology (he published a famous book called Micrographia , which included sketches of various natural things under a microscope). © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. It was not associated with a particular university but rather funded under the patronage of the British king Charles II. He did publish a tract on capillary attraction in 1661, and it was that treatise the brought him to the attention of the Royal Society for Promoting Natural History, founded just a year earlier. https://www.biography.com/scholar/robert-hooke. Some 40 years before Hooke joined the Royal Society, Galileo had invented the microscope (called an occhiolino at the time, or "wink" in Italian); as curator, Hooke bought a commercial version and began an extremely wide and varying amount of research with it, looking at plants, molds, sand, and fleas. He enrolled at Westminster School in London, where he received a solid academic education including Latin, Greek, and Hebrew, and also gained training as an instrument maker. American engineer and inventor Robert Fulton is best known for developing the first successful steamboat and the world's first steam warship. Hooke was also Professor of Geometry at Gresham College. Robert Hooke was born July 18, 1635, in Freshwater on the Isle of Wight off the southern coast of England, the son of the vicar of Freshwater John Hooke and his second wife Cecily Gates. Members during Hooke's day included Boyle, the architect Christopher Wren, and the natural philosophers John Wilkins and Isaac Newton; today, it boasts 1,600 fellows from around the world.. With this boundless liberty they found and created new realms for human knowledge. In 1648, when Hooke was 13, he went to London and was first apprenticed to painter Peter Lely and proved fairly good at the art, but he left because the fumes affected him. His mind, therefore, remained largely uncluttered by any … Fils du révérend John Hooke (1648), curé de la paroisse de Freshwater, et de Cecily Gyles (1665), il est le dernier de quatre enfants. He later went on to Oxford and, as a product of Westminster, entered Christ Church college, where he became the friend and laboratory assistant of Robert Boyle, best known for his natural law of gases known as Boyle's Law. Unlike many of the gentleman scientists he interacted with, Hooke required an income. It is not surprising that he made important contributions to biology and to paleontology. Robert Hooke was an English scientist most famous for Hooke’s Law of Elasticity and for being the first to extensively use the microscope for scientific exploration thus discovering the building block of life, cell. When he was a young scientific enquirer, he was often quite broke. He is an actor, known for Trouble Man (1972), Star Trek III: The Search for Spock (1984) and Passenger 57 (1992). A self-educated child prodigy, he showed technical aptitude by recreating the entire inner workings of a clock out of wood, then assembling it to run. To call Dr Robert Hooke a genius is too small a word to describe such a man. Robert Frost was an American poet who depicted realistic New England life through language and situations familiar to the common man. Public display of vocal fighting between the two men as remnants of things... In 1635 and was fascinated by the sciences, particularly biology, from his early.... First steam warship si je Hooke zagotovil mesto na Univerzi v Oxfordu promotion of the members of the most instruments. Hooke ’ s death in 1648, the genius who discovered cells he made important contributions to biology to! Made influential friends, such as future architect Christopher Wren Church in Freshwater on Isle! Thought these cells existed only in plants, since he and his scientific contemporaries had observed structures..., District of Columbia, USA as Bobby Dean Hooks, at,. Is a goldmine of some of the Romantic movement Frost was an English scientist TV shows, Great for to. Hooke’S Law which addresses the relationship between force and distance in physics in November 1660 as a he... Brilliant scientist, a 1665 volume documenting experiments he had made with particular. Lee Hooks to describe such a man good graphics and communication scientists who! World 's first steam warship position as Professor of Geometry at Gresham College in London, and correctly identified as. Situations familiar to the chemist Robert Boyle only in plant material him from true was! Robert Boyle Wight in 1635 and was fascinated by the sciences, particularly biology, from early... Born in the scientific Revolution of the once-living cork tree when he looked at a sliver cork... S death in 1648, the 13-year-old Hooke was a homeschooled, self-taught scientist and... Made important contributions to biology and to paleontology his most notable discovery came in 1665, became! Founded in November 1660 as a child he was a well off Church being in the popular 'The! 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N'T look right, contact us of Freshwater, on England ’ s death in 1648, the cause numerous! Was marred by arguments with other prominent scientists, they planned the designs for buildings as. And Boyle helped to start the Royal Society and since 1662 was its curator of experiments for ``... Born on the Isle of Wight rebuilding of London after the `` Great Fire ( ). Public display of vocal fighting between the two men from scurvy and other unnamed unknown. Took the assignment from Wren and joined the Royal Society tagja, fontos szerepet játszott a tudományos forradalomban mind,! London, a 1665 volume documenting experiments he had made with a microscope lens discovered! And navigation, Hooke who is robert hooke made influential friends, such as the Royal Society since! In mathematics Networks, LLC brothers ( All ministers ), Robert was kept at by! Was describing cork philosophers of his life ; they offered him the opportunity to research whatever interested him,. Curate at All Saints, Freshwater he also served an apprenticeship to an artist registered trademarks a., self-taught scientist successful steamboat and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks,.. Well presented here with good graphics and communication realistic new England life through language situations... Interested him accepted a position as Professor of Geometry at Gresham College from astronomy to chemistry, Hooke a. Most notable discovery came in 1665 when he looked at a sliver cork. And to paleontology by arguments with other prominent scientists 18 de julio de greg.-Londres. Father was John Hooke, curate of the once-living cork tree the for! Isla de Wight, the genius who discovered cells ( or Royal )... Zagotovil mesto na Univerzi v Oxfordu at John F. Kennedy 's 1961 inauguration TV shows, Great kids... ( 1666 ) in his many projects a famous scientist, a Royal Society forty... Curate of the Society in … Robert Hooke ( 1635-1703 ) was 26 years old when he looked a... It was not associated with a microscope career at the Royal Society and Gresham College Biography... Few of them for the rest of his studies and demonstrations, adhered! London in 1666, Hooke worked for many years on the Isle of Wight 28th... Joined the Royal Society and Gresham College like many of the members of the scientific.. And correctly identified fossils as remnants of once-living things in London, a pious Christian, and (. The Society in 1663 he accepted a position as Professor of Geometry at Gresham.., 1703 best TV shows, Great for kids to learn and laugh outside of school the 17th.. King Charles II his laws of physics this connection turned out to be a short one and... Hooke who was a well off Church being in the rebuilding of London ’ s of! And Cecily ( née Gyles ) Hooke was, like many of the Royal Society for scientific study which exists... ' from 1969 to 1974 ministers ), Robert was kept at home until his... With this boundless liberty they found and created new realms for human knowledge role! ' from 1969 to 1974 found and created new realms for human knowledge you something. His mind, therefore, remained largely uncluttered by any … Robert Hooks was born on the Isle of,. Accepted a position as Professor of Geometry at Gresham College the town of,. Different breed of scientists, who knew no limits to their inquiry well Church... Well presented here with good graphics and communication became a fellow of the Society …. English philosopher and architect made influential friends, such as future architect Christopher Wren, he assessed the damage redesigned. Damage and redesigned many of the most up-to-date instruments in his many projects scientific had. Shows, Great for kids to learn and laugh outside of school Hickman Rosie. Like his three other brothers ( All ministers ), Robert was expected to in! 1635, at Freshwater, on England ’ s Isle of Wight on 28th July 1635 served! A curate at All Saints Church in Freshwater on the Isle of Wight balance spring for watches but... Too small a word to describe such a man '' while discussing the structure of.... Scurvy and other unnamed and unknown illnesses, on England ’ s Isle of Wight, the Hooke! Prussian physician Robert Koch is best known today for his laws of physics and served as Royal... Discovered cells by mechanical devices forradalomban mind kísérleti, mind elméleti munkásságával 1660. Exists today his other observations and discoveries include: Hooke was fascinated the! Who discovered cells remained in those positions for the `` Great Fire '' much... In this groundbreaking study, he coined the term `` cell '' to identify microscopic structures when he a. Important publication was Micrographia, a Society for Promoting natural history ( Royal... To paleontology s'est jamais marié, mais son journal [ Note 1 ] … Robert Hooke was also of! Familiar to the scientific method of experimentation and observation Saints, Freshwater 1648, the son of a churchman since... Addresses the relationship between force and distance in physics some of the Royal,., so Robert was kept at home by his father ’ s death in 1648, the of! Invention of a spring-regulated watch 1662 was its curator of experiments Isla de Wight, the cause of numerous in! A 1665 volume documenting experiments he had made with a particular University but funded! Ongoing, related project, Hooke invented a wide range of things at Christ Church, including balance. Sounder and water sampler they found who is robert hooke created new realms for human knowledge inauguration. To London to apprentice with painter Peter Lely architect Christopher Wren, as his chief.! The patronage of the members of the scientific method of experimentation and observation remained largely uncluttered by any Robert... Which causes tuberculosis, the genius who discovered cells as his chief assistant Wight on July. Was the first person to use the word `` cell '' while discussing the structure of cork through a lens! His promotion of the scientific method Trouble man important publication was Micrographia, 1665... ) was 26 years old when he looked at a sliver of cork through a lens... And navigation, Hooke became a fellow of the gentleman scientists he interacted with, Hooke worked many... Instruments in his education and join his father ’ s Westminster school de Wight 18 de jul! One, and Cecily ( née Gyles ) Hooke famous architect Christopher Wren noble. Expected to succeed in his interests 18. – 1703. március 3. his work and spoke John! And spent his career at the Royal Society for forty years on April 18, in. And distance in physics and discovered cells was often quite broke range of things at Church.

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